Wykład - religion, established churches

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RELIGION
ESTABLISHED CHURCHES (official, recognised):
Church of England (Anglican) - London Parliament, bishops, archbishops of House of Lords. Changes in this church should go through Parliament.
Church of Scotland (Presbyterian) - no hierarchy.
THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND
Westminster Abbey - main church for ceremonies
St. Paul's Cathedral (know only century)
1534 - monasteries dissolved, properties confiscated and English language introduced
1549 - Protestant form of worship - Book of Common Prayer, but then NOT introduced (Edward VI)
Elisabeth I doctrinal changes: 1558 - Act of Parliament - established Church of England. English language and Book of Common Prayer introduced officially. 1611 - “King James Bible” (James I) = “Authorised version”
CHURCH REFORMS
Hierarchy remained (different from other Protestant churches)
Mixture of Protestant and Catholic elements
16th century - priests are allowed to get married
1987 - women are ordained as priests (it was even in 19th century but it was not official)
2008 - women can be bishops
Many priests left Anglican because they didn't agree for women to be ordained, they were accepted by Catholics, although they were married
LOW AND HIGH CHURCH - it doesn't matter on which level, on all levels of hierarchy we have Low and High Church. It is NOT a structure! Simply a difference how the church and priests look.
High Church - some people accepted in 19th century to have more decorations, richer rituals and ropes
Low Church - traditional, not decorated, simple ropes and simplicity.
STRUCTURE:
The Sovereign (Monarch) - ordains highest clergy
2 archbishops (Canterbury, York) - they are in House of Lords - provinces
Bishops - dioceses (diecezje)
Vicars (rectors) - parishes
Some churches are a little different:
Deans - in cathedrals. His position is much higher than other priests, but not as high as da bishop.
HOW TO BECOME A PRIEST?
All clergymen are ordained by bishops.
Bishops, archbishops, deans are appointed by the Crown.
Theological colleges - ordained, all clergy take allegiance (lojalność) to the Crown - they take oath to obey what Monarch wants.
FINANCING:
Clergy is paid out of Church's fund
There are shops inside the cathedrals - it's also source of income
Parishioner's contribution
If priests work in school, prison, hospital - they have salary and it is paid by the state
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