Wykład - church of Scotland

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CHURCH OF SCOTLAND (second established church in UK)
Separate from Anglican Church
No hierarchy
From the very beginning men and women could be priests
Presbyterian form of Protestantism
Followed Martin Luter
More protestant than Anglican Church
Its own organization: ALL people are equal (they are elders, but they are equal, only more experienced)
Appoints its own ministers
Not subject to parliamentary discussion or modification More severe form of Protestantism (stricter)
HISTORY
16th century - John Knox
Governed by “elders” - the same range but more experienced than others and more important
Both men and women admitted to the ministry
FREE CHURCHES
Originated after reformation
Aim: to work among people
All people are equal
Helping people who need it
Men and women can be priests
Own form of religious organization
No bishops or archbishops
Simple services (no decoration, simple ropes)
THE METHODIST CHURCH
18th century
John Wesley - founded it
1932 - Union of Methodist Churches (not all of them joined, but majority of them)
Poorer areas: northern religion, Wales (social work can be done only where it is needed)
THE SALVATION ARMY - organization
William Booth - Anglican priests
Preaching (wygłaszanie kazania) while doing social work
Providing food, clothes Military organization (uniforms, majors, generals etc.)
THE BAPTIST CHURCH
One of the oldest
Most churches are grouped in association of churches
Union of Baptist churches
Adults are baptised - reject infant baptism
Wales
THE UNITED REFORM CHURCH
1872 - Congregational Church + some of Presbyterian churches
Wales
THE QUAKERS = THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS
Do not organize services
Do not have priests
You can come to place (it is not church) and pray in silence
17th century
No ministers
They refuse to serve in the armed forces (they don't carry weapon)
FROM AMERICA:
Jehovah Mormon
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
16th century extinct
19th century restored (because of immigrants and Irish people)
Pope
The Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster
Westminster Cathedral - main church of Catholics
8 provinces and dioceses


(…)

… temples
BUDDHIST GROUPS
200 centres
7 monasteries
COOPERATION AMONG CHURCHES
Only with Christian churches
The British Council of Churches (decides about ecumenical)
Ecumenical movement (publications, services)
ATTENDANCE (CHRISTIAN)
1/6 of Christians attend to church
England - lowest membership
North Ireland - highest membership
Decline in membership of larger Christian churches
Growing number in new…
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