HOUSE OF COMMONS
The Speaker - marszałek
VOTING SYSTEM - FIRST PAST POST
Electoral (wyborczy) system in constituency (okręg wyborczy). One MP is chosen in every constituency (no matter if second had only fewer votes, only FIRST will become MP). Each MP represents one area - constituency. House of Commons - 650 elected members. They are elected:
General election (every 4 years, up to 5)
By-election (wybory uzupełniające) - if sb died, sb retire or sb got the noble title and gone to House of Lords
Members of Parliament have:
Salaries - it's their job
Lowences - if MP doesn't leave in London or near - it covers costs of accommodation, transport.
THE CHIEF OFFICER = THE SPEAKER
The Speaker is addressed Mr. Speaker or Madame Speaker (names are not important).
There are many traditions connected to the person of The Speaker. When he comes to the meeting he's dressed in a special way, few people accompany him. The Speaker is chosen in secret ballot (sekretne głosowanie). It's very honorable title, a person should:
Be Member of Parliament for a long time
Be important person
Tradition: if somebody is reelected (becomes MP one more time) - he automatically continues to be The Speaker.
ROLE OF THE SPEAKER
To keep order (he can even suspend (przerywać, zawieszać) a meeting or ask somebody to leave)
To supervise voting (in Poland in order to vote they have to raise their hand and press the button). In England it's different: there are two lobbies - lobby “yes” and lobby “no”, so there's no doubt how somebody votes. To announce the results of voting - The Speaker usually does not vote (he votes at only one occasion - if number of votes for and against is the same his voice is deciding, but it's very rare situation).
*Clerk of the House of Commons - they advise the Speaker. They are not Members of Parliament, it's their job and they are paid.
TRADITION: DRAGGING TO THE CHAIR
Long time ago one of Speaker's jobs was informing monarch about decisions taken by parliament. Sometimes decisions were different than monarch's wishes, so nobody wanted to be a Speaker and nobody wanted to inform the monarch, so they dragged him to the chair and it became a tradition.
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT since 2000:
More than 500 - represent England
About 60 - represent Scotland (they used to have a little more before 2000)
40 - Wales (little more than before)
18 - Ireland
ST. STEPHEN CHAPEL - House of Commons meets there
Members of Parliament can sit wherever they want to They don't use names they can say: “The honorable member of…”
Dispatch box (mównica)- a place from ministers and shadow ministers speak (they get up and go to the Dispatch box):
Right side (government) - 1st row - ministers
Left side (opposition) - 1st row - shadow ministers (Shadow Cabinet is formed by opposition. E.g. if Minister of Education…
… signed. CONCLUSION: House of Lords cannot stop any law, it can only delay.
THE STATE OPENING OF PARLIAMENT (October).
Queen's speech prepared by Prime Minister and Cabinet.
Monday-Thursday - 14.30-22.30 (it can last longer) - in afternoon, because mornings are reserved for committees Friday - 9.30-15.30 - on Friday MP should be in his own constituency. KULTURA - WYKŁAD…
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