The Audiolingual Method-opracowanie

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The Audiolingual Method (Army Method - Americans)
The audiolingual method is a method of foreign and second language teaching which:
emphasizes the teaching of speaking and listening before reading and writing
uses dialogues to present materials and drills (more active, less intellectual, more practical, and more accessible for ordinary learners)
dependence on mimicry, memorization of set phrases and over learning
discourages use of mother tongue in the classroom
often makes use of contrastive analysis (in grammar)
The most important characteristics:
little grammar explanation
vocabulary learnt in context
use of tapes, visual aids
pronunciation and intonation are important
prevention of students' errors
The audiolingual method was prominent in the 1950s and 1960s, especially in the United States, and has been widely used in many other parts of the world. The theory behind the audiolingual method is the aural-oral approach to language teaching, which contains the following beliefs about language and language teaching:
speaking and listening are the most basic language skills
each language has its own unique structure and rule system
a language is learned through forming habits
These ideas were based partly on the theory of structural linguistics (Bloomfield, Sapir) and partly on behaviorism (Skinner).
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