Security and its concepts in the BSR
(security community, security dilemmas, conflict resolutions, security agreements and institutions)
Security community - the process, by which such security communities are created, while the countries still consolidate their independence, is an important one.
For small states, it is especially important to establish good neighbourly relations with bordering states
During the Cold War, “security policy” was often synonymous with defence and strategic matters since its primary objective for analysis was the idea of power, balance and influence in the international system, which stressed the role of military and economic resources that governments have at their disposal
Palme commission - 1984, for instance, the Independent Commission on Disarmament and Security Issues - the Commission stressed the mutual character of security + sustainable development that would promote global security by encouraging economic and social development, environmental protection and the extension of human rights.
Consolidation of democracy, multi-ethnic state-building and economic development - the concept of a security community is a positive definition of peace. It suggests that there is something more than deterrence or isolationism that guides security thinking. It sets the goals higher than deterring the threat of war. It points to the need for preventive and comprehensive policies to reduce the danger of future wars.
During the past decade we have seen considerable progress towards democratic forms of government. Almost everywhere the press is free. The roles of the military, police and intelligence services are, for the most part, curtailed.
In terms of responsiveness and conflict resolution - negotiations take place, nevertheless, on serious matters among the states of the region. In this regard, there is a positive tendency. The same is partly true for the development of non-military forms of behaviour.
Defence doctrines are generally becoming more defensive and new relationships are being formed. At the same time, the search for more security by applying for membership in NATO is not considered benign by all parties. Nonetheless, in terms of institutional development, not much has yet occurred. The region is still trying to find its position in the European security arrangement.
after WWII - Containment - keep the Soviet threat against Western Europe and North America; nuclear arms race
cold wars end - conflicts in Afghanistan, lot of disarmed agreement, the disarmament agreement on nuclear issues etc.
NATO institution began to dealing with a new security environment, role of a peacekeeping organisation, war in Yugoslavia; On 30 April 1998, the US senate approved the inclusion of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic in NATO. The decision to expand the alliance has caused both expectations and disagreements in the Baltic area as to whether the enlargement will have positive or negative effects. The main obstacle to a further expansion of the alliance thus far has been Russia which strongly opposes NATO membership of the Baltic States and Ukraine.
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