Process of institutionalization in the BSR

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Process of institutionalization in the BSR
(Nordic Council, Council of the Baltic Sea States, Union of Baltic Cities, Conference of Peripherial Maritime Regions, Baltic Sea States Subregional Cooperation, Baltic Islands Network)
The Nordic Council (NC)
Formed in 1952 to meet the need for closer Nordic co-operation in the wake of WWII.
Inter-parliamentary body in the Nordic Region
Members: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland (3 autonomous territories)
In 1971, the Nordic Council of Ministers, an intergovernmental forum, was established to complement the Council. Decision taken by the Nordic Council are submitted to the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic governments for approval and implementation.
The Nordic Council does this first and foremost by submitting proposals to the Nordic governments and encouraging them to act upon those proposals Areas of work: research, development and innovation, climate issues, freedom of movement
On 2 July 1954, the Nordic labour market was created and in 1958, building upon a 1952 passport-free travel area, the Nordic Passport Union was created. These two measures helped ensure Nordic citizens' free movement around Scandinavia. A Nordic Convention on Social Security was implemented in 1955. Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
The CBSS was established by the region's Foreign Ministers in Copenhagen in 1992 as a response to the geopolitical changes that took place in the Baltic Sea region with the end of the Cold War
It's political forum for regional inter-governmental cooperation
The Members of the Council are the eleven states of the Baltic Sea Region as well as the European Commission. The states are Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden and a representative from the European Commission.
Consists of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs from each Member State and a member of the European Commission.
The role of the Council is to serve as a forum for guidance and overall coordination among the participating states.
Areas: Environment: Climate change, Sustainable urban and rural development, Sustainable consumption and production, Innovations and education for sustainable development
Energy: creation of competitive, efficient and well-functioning energy markets
Education & Culture: cultural heritage, contemporary culture and the promotion of regional identity
Civil Security and the Human Dimension: law enforcement, including cross-border crime-related networks of police, border guard, prosecutors and tax administrations
Union of the Baltic Cities


… experiences and the "point of contact" for authorities of the member regions
Activities: Cohesion policy, Energy and climate, Maritime policy, Northern Dimension, Transport and infrastructure
Baltic Islands Network (B7)
Began in 1989.
The B7 is a co-operation of the 7 largest islands in the Baltic Sea from 5 different countries Partners: Bornholm (Denmark), Gotland (Sweden), Hiiumaa (Estonia), Rügen (Germany…
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