MEANS OF SYNTACTIC ORGANISATION
Word order - used in analytic languages, e.g. English John loves Mary is not the same as Mary loves John
Inflections (grammatical morphemes), used in synthetic languages, such as Polish. Janek kocha Marysię (unmarked=neutral) is basically the same as Marysię kocha Janek (marked=emphatic)
In Polish we have case endings, for Nominative it can be O, as in kot-O and for the Accusative in feminine gender it can be -ę, as in łapę.
Stress - can bring about the change of grammatical category, e.g. `permit (noun) versus per'mit (verb)
Intonation - it is possible to change the sentence type (from declarative to interrogative) by means of changing the intonation pattern of a sentence, e.g. Got some time today./? (infml) Pójdziemy do kina./?
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