REFORMATION - policital and religious movement.
CATHOLIC COUNTRIES: Spain, France, Italy
PROTESTANT COUNTRIES: Germany, The Netherlands, Denmark
The dissolution of monasteries - it took 4 years. Thomas Cromwell was responsible for that. Pilgrimage of Grace - series of risings against, but it didn't worked. Members of it were executed.
1536 - Ten Articles:
Only 3 sacraments
Worship of images forbidden
Existence of purgatory (czyściec) denied
No changes in ceremonies
English version of the Bible (anybody could read it
Six Articles - reimposed strict Catholic orthodoxy.
Reformation was ONLY a political thing at first, it was established in order to remove pope authority.
First Act of Uniformity - first Book of Common Prayer - abolished Latin services
Second Act of Uniformity - the Revised (or Second) Book of Common Prayer - imposed strict Protestant liturgy (it is still used in England)
Both books were largely the work of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer.
No church decoration
No processions, no holidays
Priest free to get married
MARY'S COUNTER REFORMATION
She was crazy Catholic. Peace with Rome and pope again. She ordered everybody:
Supress heresy (zakazywać)
Remove married clerics
Restora all Catholic ceremonies, processions and holidays
Initially seemed to be the wisest - she wanted to find solution. But later it changed. England broke connection with Rome. Act of Supremacy was to be taken by priests, judges, officers, university graduates.
Book of Common Prayer brought back.
Catholics plots against Elisabeth.
HISTORIA - ĆWICZENIA - 25.11.2011
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