The Natural Approach
The natural approach is a method of second language teaching proposed by S. Krashen and T. Terrell. There are 2 distinct mental processes in second language development: acquisition process and learning process. The goal is to develop basic personal communication skills (everyday language situations).
the pre-speaking stage - teacher only talks, gives commands, it resembles TPR
the early speech production stage - marked with errors, teacher doesn't correct them
the speech emergence stage - promotes fluency through different activity games, role, plays, discussion; errors are not corrected
emphasize natural communication rather than formal grammar study
are tolerant of learners' errors
emphasize the informal acquisition of language rules
Criticism: what about students whose speech never emerges? what about slow and fast movers?
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