The division of sentences
Sentences can be divided on the basis of:
Their function into: statements, questions, exclamations, commands, requests, etc.
This distinction is often based on the social context: Can you pass me the salt? Can you swim?
Their structure into simple sentences (one clause) and compound or complex ones (two clauses or more)
Sentences from discourse.
A clause forms a sentence: I hurried home (a sentence=a clause), or part of it, e.g. …. because I was late.
COMPLEX SENTENCE (clauses of unequal rank)
I hurried home because I was late.
Superordinate clause subordinate clause
!!!! In English the sentence is complex if it contains at least two different verb forms which do not constitute one predicator, e.g. I want to go home (complex)
I have been waiting here for ages (simple)
A subordinate clause occurs with (a) or without (b) the subject, with (a) the verb in finite, or (b) non-finite form:
When I was crossing the street, I saw an accident.
Crossing the street, I saw an accident.
COMPOUND SENTENCE (clauses of equal rank)
We will go home or we will see a movie.
Coordinate clause coordinate clause
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