Cloze test - words are removed from a reading passage at regular intervals, leaving blanks (e.g. every 5th word), it measures reading comprehension, it can be used to judge the difficulty of reading materials. The reader must guess either exact word that was used in the original text or any word that is appropriate or acceptable in the context.
piloting the test (as a trial)
item difficulty - proportion of correct responses to a test item
item discrimination - how well the item performs in separating better learners from the poorer ones
test revision - more than 60% correct words
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