Science fiction-opracowanie

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Fragment notatki:

Science fiction
Chooses the motif of travel
Poe's intent on science was not limited to the stories
Poe's interest in science is reflected in his works of fiction (astronomy, mathematics)
Tells us what is the fiction
Incorporation of scientific elements into his fiction
Herman Melville (1819-91) a US writer of novels whose early life as a sailor provided the material for many of his books, including his best-known novel, Moby-Dick. His other books include Typee (1846), Omoo (1847) and the short novel Billy Budd (1924), published after he died. Melville's books were not popular during his life, and he died in poverty. His importance as a writer was not recognized until the 1920s.
Born in NY, the city he spent many years. His family was quite rich but went bankrupt, his father and the whole family get worsened immediately
Became a sailor; sailing helped him to acquire the experience which later on proved to be basic literary materials his famous statement - the ocean was his Yale and Harvard
Didn't have to have formal education to know about the world; his knowledge was fundamentally sceptical Had nothing in common with Transcendentalists
Used personal experiences as a background of his works; all are set at sea
Typee
Published in America and England at the same time
Very successful book
Proves Melville as a very promising writer - more autobiographical
During his voyages he dismantled from groups; managed to live on the islands inhabited bi cannibalistic tribes
A thrilling adventure - unpleasant truth reaches him gradually - Melville was encouraged to write a sequel
Owibb has sth to do with Typee. Melville kept writing about adventures of American sailors. Later his books are more extensive White Jacket Symbolic structure - highlighted in the title - the nickname of the main protagonist, a clue to symbolic name
The story of initation - strict regime on frigate - punished for insubordination; young protagonist learns about the cruelty of the world. He wears a white jacket which is the symbol of his innocence. In the course of time he loses his white jacket and innocence at the same time. Moby Dick
Very important work
Moby Dick is a name of a whale
Ishmael - a narrator, a sailor - seeks purposes in life and seek meaning of life
His friend - a harpooner who comes from the South Pacific Island; a savageman
Melville - homoerotic theme
Monomaniac, most famous, obsessed with the idea of

(…)

… interpretation - the speaker who probably is a young
American Romanticism was symbolically terminated by Civil War; resulted in redefining relations in American society and a new structure of power. The aftermath of the war led to emergence of new expectations and new possibilities. People wanted to have literature which would help them understand the world in which they live and which would directly deal with…
… was universally condemned for both its morals and its style. With the exception of Israel Potter, he never published another conventional novel, although he subsequently wrote and published many exceptional stories, including Bartleby the Scrivener and Benito Cereno, and the experimental "masque" The Confidence-Man.
The Confidence Man the last major novel Published on April 1, 1857 (presumably the exact day of…
… nineteen years a federal government employee. He continued to write poetry, but published no major prose work after The Confidence-Man. Walt Whitman (1819-92) a major US poet who wrote about individual freedom, equal rights and sexual love, as well as about his love for America. Though many readers thought his poems were immoral, he had a strong influence on later American poets, especially the beat…
… - Whitman was under great influence of Emerson. Shared his philosophy; Whitman pays tribute to Emerson, both share the idea of self-reliance; not limited.
Determined to cut the way ; whether danger is entailed he won't give up.
8)
Intimate experience; presents the cycle of human life
Infant in a cradle
Youngster
A girl
Suicide
Quite naturalistic in description of suicide; he respects suicidal decision…
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